Atherosclerosis Information

During The 2010-2011 FLL season, teams have to do a project on something that's about the years theme (2010-2011 theme is Body Forward). This years project is on Atherosclerosis (Clogged Arteries) that occurs in the heart.

About the Heart

The heart is a pump that beats at about a rate of 100,000 times a day, which in a 70 year lifetime would equal 2.5 billion heartbeats. The main parts of the heart are the left and right atrium, and the left and right ventricle. Other parts are: left pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, inferior vena cava, pulmonary valve, tricuspid valve, right pulmonary artery, aortic valve, superior vena cava, mitral valve, and the aorta.

About Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is the process in which fat (bad cholesterol) in the blood sticks to the walls of the arteries and forms plaque. This process is also know as hardening of the arteries. This narrows the diameter of the arteries, and also slows blood flow. In addition, the plaque is rough causing blood to stick to it and form a clot. The build up of plaque and the formation of blood clots can lead to a heart attack (myocardial infarction).

How you can get Atherosclerosis

There are two main ways to have Atherosclerosis to take place in your body. Those are: Eating fatty foods (the most common) and having a family history of Atherosclerosis.


Some symptoms of atherosclerosis include:

  • Tight Band around the Chest
  • Indigestion
  • Pressure
  • Coughing
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath

Solutions (and ways to prevent)

There are many solutions to atherosclerosis! Here are just a few:

  • Keep your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol at health levels
  • don't smoke!
  • Drinking 1 - 2 glasses of wine each day to clear out and unwanted plaque, but too much may do more harm than good
  • Eat a low - fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Insert a balloon in the blocked artery, repeatedly inflating and deflating it to flatten out the walls of plaque
  • Insert a stent to temporarily make a smooth passage way for blood flow

Our Solution

Our solution is a Smartphone application called the iBlood that tells you your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol. It can also tell you where clots are in your body, how bad they are, a diet to clear the clot, or schedule l a doctor appointment if the clot is bad enough. It does this by getting information from a chip that either can strap to your waist or be imbedded in your skin. That chip then talks to nano-bots (little robots) that cruise around in your blood stream. These cycle the information back to the app, keeping you up to date about your body information

Copyright ©2011 Nebo Legolifesavers.